Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19

LAST UPDATED ON 03/15/2021

As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Valley Behavioral Health System to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, there are certain restrictions in place regarding on-site visitation at Valley Behavioral Health System.

  • These restrictions have been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • Options for telehealth visitation are continuously evaluated so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff receives ongoing infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance is provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Signs & Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

Understanding Bipolar Disorder

Learn About Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive disorder, is a serious mental health condition that is characterized by extreme changes in mood that range from deep depression to mania. While in a depressive cycle, an individual will experience feelings of sadness and hopelessness. Additionally, they may become more socially isolated as they become uninterested in activities they used to enjoy. As their mood cycles switch to a manic state, this same individual may experience euphoria and be full of energy, often engaging in risky behaviors. These shifts in mood can occur several times a day or may only occur a few times throughout a year. Mixed bipolar episodes occur when the symptoms of depression and mania occur simultaneously and can be very dangerous as the feelings of hopelessness mixed with extreme energy may lead to incredibly self-destructive acts. There are several different subtypes of bipolar disorder each one containing a different pattern of symptoms. Types of bipolar disorder include:

Bipolar I disorder: The mood swings associated with bipolar I disorder involve highly disorganized, full-blown manic symptoms, which involve erratic behaviors that can negatively impact daily life. On the other side of this form of bipolar, symptoms of depression can be severe enough that some people may contemplate ending their own life.

Bipolar II disorder: A more mild form of bipolar disorder. While people who have bipolar II experience milder manic and depressive cycles, these symptoms are still severe enough to cause significant impairment in activities of daily living.

Cyclothymia or cyclothymic disorder: An even milder form of bipolar disorder. The cycles of mania and depression are disruptive to daily living, however these cycles are not as severe in bipolar I and bipolar II disorder.

Rapid-cycling bipolar disorder: A severe form of bipolar disorder, which is diagnosed when a person experiences four or more episodes of depression, mania, hypomania, or mixed states within one year.

While bipolar disorder is a life-long condition, with proper treatment and medication management an individual can keep their moods stabilized allowing them to lead a full life.


Bipolar Statistics

Bipolar disorder affects approximately 5.7 million adults (or 2.6% of the population) in the United States each year. While bipolar disorder affects men and women equally, about three times as many women experience rapid cycling bipolar disorder. The median age of onset for bipolar disorder is 25 years of age, however the illness can develop in childhood or as late as in the 40s or 50s.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and Risk Factors for Bipolar Disorder

The exact cause of bipolar disorder is not known, but research has identified several factors that seem to be involved in both the development and trigger of bipolar episodes. It is generally accepted that bipolar disorder is the result of genetic, physical, environmental, and risk factors working together. The most common causes and risk factors for bipolar disorder include:

Genetic: Bipolar disorder tends to have an inherited component and is more common in people who have a blood relative with the disorder. Researchers are still trying to identify specific genes that may be involved in the development of this disorder.

Physical: Neuroimaging studies have shown changes in the structure and function of the brain of those who have bipolar disorder. The prefrontal cortex of the brain, which is used for problem solving and making decisions, has been noted to be smaller and function less well than in those who do not have a similar history. Additionally, an imbalance in naturally-occurring neurotransmitters can play a large role in developing bipolar disorder.

Environmental: It’s thought that many people who develop bipolar disorder are reacting to stress-related events and traumas that they have experienced throughout their lives.

Risk Factors:

  • Substance use and abuse
  • Major life changes
  • Childhood trauma, abuse, neglect
  • Being in your 20s
Signs and Symptoms

Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

The symptoms of bipolar disorder display differently from person to person and will depend upon the specific subtype an individual is diagnosed with. Some individuals are more affected by the depressive symptoms, while others may be more impacted by the symptoms of mania. In some instances individuals will experience mixed episodes and are affected by both depression and mania. Some of the most common symptoms of bipolar disorder include:

Manic (or hypomanic) Symptoms:

  • Euphoria
  • Poor judgment
  • Risky behaviors
  • Agitation or irritation
  • Increased physical activity
  • Easily distracted
  • Spending sprees or other bad financial choices
  • Inflated self-esteem and sense of self
  • Aggressive behavior
  • Racing thoughts
  • Decreased need for sleep
  • Frequent absences from work or school
  • Psychosis

Depressive Symptoms:

  • Hopelessness
  • Sadness
  • Anxiety
  • Quilt
  • Sleep problems
  • Loss of interest in activities once-enjoyed
  • Problems concentrating
  • Chronic pain without known cause
  • Fatigue
  • Low or increased appetite
  • Problems concentrating
  • Suicidal thoughts or behavior

Effects of Bipolar Disorder

If left untreated or is not properly diagnosed the symptoms of bipolar disorder will only get worse and will do more extensive damage to an individual’s life. The effects of bipolar disorder can include:

  • Social isolation
  • Poor performance in school or at work
  • Loss of job or expulsion from school
  • Depression
  • Abuse and eventually addiction to drugs or alcohol
  • Legal problems and/or incarceration
  • Damaged interpersonal relationships
  • Self-harm
  • Suicidal ideation
Co-Occurring Disorders

Bipolar Disorder and Co-Occurring Disorders

People who have bipolar disorder can also struggle with other types of mental health disorders. The most common co-occurring disorders for bipolar disorder include:

  • Substance abuse and addiction
  • ADHD
  • Conduct disorder
  • Intermittent explosive disorder
  • Disruptive behavior disorders
  • Attention-deficit hyperactivity-disorder
  • Anxiety disorders
  • PTSD
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